The Renaissance

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The Renaissance and The Reformation (1341 – 1648 AD)

Proto Renaissance (1341 – 1399 AD)
Francesco Petrarch, the first great humanist, is Crowned Poet Laureate of Rome. Many historians cite this date as the beginning of the Renaissance (April 6, 1341 AD)
Black Death (1348–50 AD)
Martin V (1366-1431 AD)
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD)
Jan Hus (c. 1369-1415 AD)
The Great Schism (1378-1415 AD)

Early Renaissance (1400 – 1494 AD)
Henry the Navigator (1394-1460 AD)
Limbourg Brother’s Book of Hours (1409 AD)
Joan of Arc (1412-1431 AD)
1419 – Architect Brunelleschi designs the dome for the Florence Cathedral.
Earl of Warwick (Warwick the Kingmaker) (1428-1471 AD)
Pope Alexander VI (1431-1503 AD)
1434 – The Medici family becomes the head of the city-state of Florence.
Pope Julius II (1443-1513 AD)
Lorenzo de Medici (1449-1492 AD)
John Cabot (1450-1498 AD)
Johannes Gutenberg (1390s-1468 AD)
-invents the printing press (1450 AD)
Johannes Gutenburg (1395-1468 AD)
Book Making, Illumination, and Gold Leafing

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506 A.D.)
Ferdinand V and Isabella I (1452-1516/1451-1504 A.D.)
Richard III (1452-1485 A.D.)
Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498 A.D.)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519 A.D.)
Fall of Constantinople (1453 A.D.)
-The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople, signaling an end to the Byzantine Empire.
I have to add this video because I think it’s fun…
Looney Tunes Istanbul not Constantinople by They Might be Giants
Vasco da Gama (1460-1524 A.D.)
Johann Tetzel (1465-1519 A.D.)
Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536 A.D.)
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527 A.D.)
Menno Simons (1469-1561 A.D.)
1469 – Lorenzo de Medici becomes head of the city-state of Florence. He is one of the great patrons of the arts.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543 A.D.)
Bartolomé de Las Casas (1474-1566 A.D.)
Cesare Borgia (1475-1507 A.D.)
Pope Leo X (1475-1521 A.D.)
Clement VII (1475-1534 A.D.)
Francisco Pizarro (1475-1541 A.D.)
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564 A.D.)
Lucretia Borgia (1480-1519 A.D.)
Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521 A.D.)
Martin Luther (1483-1546 A.D.)
Ulrich (Huldreich) Zwingli (1484-1531 A.D.)
Hernando Cortés (1485-1547 A.D.)
1485 – Henry VII becomes king of England beginning the reign of the House of Tudor.
1486 – Boticelli completes the painting The Birth of Venus.
Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556 A.D.)
Henry VIII (1491-1547 A.D.)
Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556)
Jacques Cartier (1491-1557 A.D.)
Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas (1492 AD)

High Renaissance (1495 – 1517 AD)
Donato Bramante (1444 – March 11, 1514 AD, starting 1482 AD)
William Tyndale (1494-1536 A.D.)
1495 – Leonardo da Vinci paints the Last Supper
1498 – Vasco da Gama arrives in India after sailing around the southern tip of Africa from Portugal.
Charles V (1500-1558 A.D.)
1501 – Michelangelo begins his work on the sculpture David.
1503 – Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa.
Francis Xavier (1506-1552 A.D.)
1508 – Michelangelo begins his painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
John Calvin (1509-1564 A.D.)
1509 – Henry VIII becomes king of England
1509 – Humanist author Erasmus writes Praise of Folly
1511- Raphael paints his masterpiece The School of Athens
John Knox (1514-1572 A.D.)
Mary I (Mary Tudor) (1516-1558 A.D.)
1516 – Sir Thomas More publishes his work Utopia on political philosophy

READ ALOUD: The Clown of God by Tomie dePaola

Late Renaissance and The Reformation (1517-1648 AD)
Martin Luther posts The 95 Theses on the door of the Church of Wittenberg. This signals the start of the Reformation (October 31, 1517 A.D.)
1519 – Ferdinand Magellan begins his voyage around the world
ART: Mannerism Period (1520-1580 AD)
Rome is sacked by the troops of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1527)
Philip II (1527-1598 A.D.)
Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584 A.D.)
William I, Prince of Orange (1533-1584 A.D.)
Elizabeth I (1533-1603 A.D.)1534 – Henry VIII separates the Church of England from the Catholic Church of Rome so that he can divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn
Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596 A.D.)
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601 A.D.)
Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618 A.D.)
John Smythe (1554-1612 A.D.)
Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England (1558 AD)
William Shakespeare (1564-1616 A.D.)
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642 A.D.)
James I (1566-1625 A.D.)
Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635 A.D.)
The Dutch Revolt (1567-1648 A.D.)
Guy Fawkes (1570-1606 A.D.)
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630 A.D.)
The St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (August 24, 1572 A.D.)
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640 A.D.)
ART: Baroque (c.1580–c.1725 AD)
Richelieu (1585-1642 A.D.)
The Spanish Armada defeated (1588 A.D.)
King Gustavus Adolphus (1594-1632 A.D.)
Edict of Nantes (1598 A.D.)
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658 A.D.)
William Shakespeare builds the Globe theatre (1599 AD)
He will write many of his great plays over the next few years including Hamlet and Macbeth
Charles I (1600-1649 A.D.)
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669 A.D.)
Galileo discovers the moons of Jupiter (1610 AD)
The Defenestration of Prague (May 23, 1618 A.D.)
The Thirty Years War (1618-1648 A.D.)

READ ALOUD: Built to Last: Castle, Cathedral, Mosque by David MacAuley; pgs 173-267

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